Understanding Your Stage of Kaposi’s Sarcoma
If you are diagnosed with Kaposi’s sarcoma (KS), your doctor needs to know the stage of the cancer. The stage of a cancer describes how far the cancer has spread. It also helps determine the best treatment for you. It can be difficult to stage AIDS-related KS because it comes from a disease that itself affects the entire immune system. For this reason, it can be difficult to differentiate which symptoms are due to KS and which symptoms are due to AIDS.
The main staging system for Kaposi’s sarcoma is the AIDS Clinical Trials Group (ACTG) system. This system determines the stage of KS by 3 factors. Doctors refer to these stages using the letters T, I, and S.
Then doctors divide the disease into 2 subgroups. A 0 stands for low risk of problems, and a 1 stands for a higher risk of problems.
S0. No history of opportunistic infections or fungal infection of the mouth called thrush. No unexplained fever, night sweats, unexpected weight loss of more than 10%, or persistent diarrhea. You have the ability to get up and take care of yourself.